Arabidopsis transcription factor TCP4 controls the identity of the apical gynoecium


Prof. Genji Qin published a paper in Plant Cell.

The style and stigma at the apical gynoecium are crucial for flowering plant reproduction. However, the mechanisms underlying specification of the apical gynoecium remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that Class II TEOSINTE BRANCHED 1/CYCLOIDEA/PCF (TCP) transcription factors are critical for apical gynoecium specification in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). The septuple tcp2 tcp3 tcp4 tcp5 tcp10 tcp13 tcp17 (tcpSEP) and duodecuple tcp2 tcp3 tcp4 tcp5 tcp10 tcp13 tcp17 tcp24 tcp1 tcp12 tcp18 tcp16 (tcpDUO) mutants produce narrower and longer styles, while disruption of TCPs and CRABS CLAW (CRC) or NGATHAs (NGAs) in tcpDUO crc or tcpDUO nga1 nga2 nga4 causes the apical gynoecium to be replaced by lamellar structures with indeterminate growth. TCPs are predominantly expressed in the apex of the gynoecium. TCP4 interacts with CRC to synergistically up-regulate the expression level of NGAs, and NGAs further form high-order complexes to control the expression of auxin-related genes in the apical gynoecium by directly interacting with TCP4. Our findings demonstrate that TCP4 physically associates with CRC and NGAs to control auxin biosynthesis in forming fine structures of the apical gynoecium.

Original link: https://academic.oup.com/plcell/advance-article/doi/10.1093/plcell/koae107/7641784.