Monitoring norepinephrine release in vivo using next-generation GRABNE sensors


Prof. Yulong Li published a paper in Neuron.

Norepinephrine (NE) is an essential biogenic monoamine neurotransmitter. The first-generation NE sensor makes in vivo, real-time, cell-type-specific and region-specific NE detection possible, but its low NE sensitivity limits its utility. Here, we developed the second-generation GPCR-activation-based NE sensors (GRABNE2m and GRABNE2h) with a superior response and high sensitivity and selectivity to NE both in vitro and in vivo. Notably, these sensors can detect NE release triggered by either optogenetic or behavioral stimuli in freely moving mice, producing robust signals in the locus coeruleus and hypothalamus. With the development of a novel transgenic mouse line, we recorded both NE release and calcium dynamics with dual-color fiber photometry throughout the sleep-wake cycle; moreover, dual-color mesoscopic imaging revealed cell-type-specific spatiotemporal dynamics of NE and calcium during sensory processing and locomotion. Thus, these new GRABNE sensors are valuable tools for monitoring the precise spatiotemporal release of NE in vivo, providing new insights into the physiological and pathophysiological roles of NE.

Original link: https://www.cell.com/neuron/fulltext/S0896-6273(24)00155-7.