Programmable RNA base editing via targeted modifications


Prof. Chengqi Yi published a review in Nature Chemical Biology.

Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-based genome editors are powerful tools in biology and hold great promise for the treatment of human diseases. Advanced DNA base editing tools, such as cytosine base editor and adenine base editor, have been developed to correct permanent mistakes in genetic material. However, undesired off-target edits would also be permanent, which poses a considerable risk for therapeutics. Alternatively, base editing at the RNA level is capable of correcting disease-causing mutations but does not lead to lasting genotoxic effects. RNA base editors offer temporary and reversible therapies and have been catching on in recent years. Here, we summarize some emerging RNA editors based on A-to-inosine, C-to-U and U-to-pseudouridine changes. We review the programmable RNA-targeting systems as well as modification enzyme-based effector proteins and highlight recent technological breakthroughs. Finally, we compare editing tools, discuss limitations and opportunities, and provide insights for the future directions of RNA base editing.

Original link: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41589-023-01531-y.