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Structural remodeling of ribosome associated Hsp40-Hsp70 chaperones during co-translational folding


Prof. Ning Gao published a paper in Nature Communications.

Ribosome associated complex (RAC), an obligate heterodimer of HSP40 and HSP70 (Zuo1 and Ssz1 in yeast), is conserved in eukaryotes and functions as co-chaperone for another HSP70 (Ssb1/2 in yeast) to facilitate co-translational folding of nascent polypeptides. Many mechanistic details, such as the coordination of one HSP40 with two HSP70s and the dynamic interplay between RAC-Ssb and growing nascent chains, remain unclear. Here, we report three sets of structures of RAC-containing ribosomal complexes isolated from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Structural analyses indicate that RAC on the nascent-chain-free ribosome is in an autoinhibited conformation, and in the presence of a nascent chain at the peptide tunnel exit (PTE), RAC undergoes large-scale structural remodeling to make Zuo1 J-Domain more accessible to Ssb. Our data also suggest a role of Zuo1 in orienting Ssb-SBD proximal to the PTE for easy capture of the substrate. Altogether, in accordance with previous data, our work suggests a sequence of structural remodeling events for RAC-Ssb during co-translational folding, triggered by the binding and passage of growing nascent chain from one to another.

Original link: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-022-31127-4.