北京大学 | ENGLISH
讲座信息
Deciphering the origins of repopulated microglia in the central nervous system
发布时间:2018-07-11      点击量:109
主讲人:Bo Peng, PhD
讲座地点:#1206, Wangkezhen Building, Peking University
讲座日期:2018-07-12
讲座时间:10:00 — 11:30
联系人:Prof. Yi Rao
 
IDG麦戈文脑科学研究所学术报告
Topic: Deciphering the origins of repopulated microglia in the central nervous system
中枢神经系统内再殖小胶质细胞的起源
Speaker: Bo Peng, PhD
Associate professor, principal investigator
Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
彭勃 博士
副研究员,课题组长
中国科学院深圳先进技术研究院 
Time: 10:00-11:30,July 12, 2018
Location: #1206, Wangkezhen Building, Peking University
Host: Prof. Yi Rao
个人简介:
Dr. Bo Peng obtained his PhD degree at The University of Hong Kong. In 2015, he joined Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology at Chinese Academy of Sciences as an associate professor. Dr. Bo Peng mainly focused the origin and role of microglia in the central nervous system. In 2018, he found distinct origins of repopulated microglia in the brain and retina. 
Abstract: 
New-born microglia rapidly replenish the whole brain after selective elimination of most microglia (>99%) in adult mice. Previous studies reported that repopulated microglia were largely derived from microglial progenitor cells expressing Nestin in the brain. However, the origin of these repopulated microglia has been hotly debated. In this study, we investigated the origin of repopulated microglia by a series of fate mapping approaches. We first excluded the blood origin of repopulated microglia via parabiosis. With different transgenic mouse lines, we then demonstrated that all repopulated microglia were derived from the proliferation of the few surviving microglia (<1%). Though with a transient pattern of Nestin expression in newly forming microglia, none of repopulated microglia was derived from Nestin-positive non-microglial cells. In summary, we conclude that repopulated microglia are solely derived from residual microglia rather than de novo progenitors, suggesting for the absence of microglial progenitor cells in the adult brain.
In addition to repopulated brain microglia, we investigated the origins of repopulated microglia in the retina and found that the repopulated retinal microglia were not derived from the residual microglia in the retina. Instead, they had two distinct origins: the center-emerging microglia were derived from residual microglia in the optic nerve and the periphery-emerging microglia were derived from macrophages in the ciliary body/iris. Therefore, we identified novel origins of retinal microglia by using a model of microglial repopulation. Our findings expand the understanding on the origins of microglia in the retina.
欢迎各位老师同学积极参加!

[友情链接]
北大生科微信公众号 生声不息微信公众号
联系我们 | 地理位置
北京大学生命科学学院 版权所有 地址:北京市海淀区颐和园路5号金光生命科学大楼